State of Kerala occupies an area of 38,863 Sq.Kms. of land
curving along the Arabian Sea on the Southwest Coast of
India. It represents only 1.18 percent of the total
area of India. Nevertheless with a
of nearly 3.34 crore people, Kerala has 2.76 percent of
the total population of the country.
about 590 Kms. with the width varying from 32 to 120 Kms.,
it is a long but narrow strip of enchanting greenery
sandwiched between towering mountains and the deep blue
sea. Nature has bestowed it with long beaches,
mighty mountains, evergreen forests and deep backwaters.
The extensive paddy fields and the luxuriant vegetation in
this highly fertile land make it brilliantly green
throughout. The tall, exotic coconut palm dominates
the landscape. The land derived its name from ''Keram'',
the coconut palm.
has three geographical regions, the highlands, midlands
and the low lands. The highlands or the eastern
region is dominated by the Sahya Mountains or the Western
Ghats with dense tropical evergreen forests, misty peaks,
extensive rides and ravines. Anamudi at 2775 meters
is the highest peak and Agasthyarkoodam is the second
highest. Tea, Coffee, Rubber, Cardamom,
Cinnamon, Oil Seeds and Sandalwood are extensively
cultivated in the mountainous areas. Exotic spices
have lured foreigners to the Kerala coasts from time
immemorial. The midlands have undulating hills and
valleys growing coconut, arecanut, banana, mango, tapioca,
pepper, ginger etc. The sandy coastal region or the
low lands is picturesque with extensive coconut groves,
paddy fields, river deltas, backwaters and the sea.
has 44 rivers, 41 west flowing and three east flowing.
The longest river is Bharathapuzha - 251 kms. long. The
Periyar river is 228.5 Kms. long and the Pamba river
177Kms. long. The backwaters form a specially attractive
and economically valuable feature of Kerala.
There are 34 big and not so big backwaters in the state.
The biggest backwater is the vembanad lake, some 200
Sq.km.in area. The deltas of the rivers interlink
the backwater and provide excellent water transport
facility in the low lands of Kerala.
diversity in geographical set up is reflected in the
climate as well. While the highland areas experience
biting cold, the climate is pleasant in the midland areas
and low land area is comparatively hot because of humidity
especially in summer months. South-West monsoon,
which is the major monsoon in Kerala begins sometime
in June-July and continues till August-September.
North-East monsoon commences in October-November.
The best season in the state is from December to February,
days become sunny and nights turn pleasantly cool.